Cutting in from 1 300 metre deep salty waters and through steep mountains close to 2 000 meters high, fjords create a lush and fertile soil along the shore. Sometimes so narrow, that when the ship sails in, you can touch the mountainside with your finger tips up on the deck (If you travel with Hurtigruten, that is, as the bigger cruise lines will not get in).
Seals and eagles
For visitors, the Norwegian Fjords have created memories for life and temporary stiff necks from all the gazing at the surroundings. Mountainside farms where ladders are a part of the original path up, small villages, seals, porpoises and an abundance of fish swimming in the water and birds look down from above.
To many foreigners Norway is the synonym of fjords. Norway has the highest concentration of fjords in the world, all the way from the Oslo-fjord in the southeast to East-Finnmark near the north-eastern Russian boarder.
100 meters wide
The most famous fjords are found on the western coast and in Northern Norway. In the west there is the Geirangerfjord and Nerøyfjord, being the examples put on the UNESCO World Heritage list, with alpine mountains, waterfalls and lush villages parading their fruit trees. In the North the Trollfjord is among the most fascinating fjords, measuring just 100 meters at the most narrow point.
But what is a fjord? The fjords formed when the glaciers of the Ice Age retreated, and seawater flooding the U-shaped valleys. Due to the Gulf Stream they are virtually ice free – all ready to be explored.